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Apologetics:  Essays Defending Christianity's Truth

Documents Available for Downloading:

Can belief in the Bible be rationally defended? This essay briefly argues why Christians should learn something about defending their faith (i.e., apologetics):

Why Christian Apologetics Matter  .doc

Why Christian Apologetics Matter  .htm

Why Christian Apologetics Matter .pdf

Is it logical to believe in God and the Bible?  These three brief essays defend faith in God, belief in the Bible's inspiration, and trust in the Bible's historical reliability using logical, fact-based arguments.

Does God Exist?  .rtf

Does God Exist? .htm

Does God Exist? .pdf

Fulfilled Prophecy Proves Bible? .rtf

Fulfilled Prophecy Proves Bible? .htm

Fulfilled Prophecy Proves Bible? .pdf

Is the Bible Historically Reliable? .doc

Is the Bible Historically Reliable? .htm

Is the Bible Historically Reliable?  .pdf

This is longer a general-purpose defense of the rationality of belief in the Bible from a conservative Christian viewpoint:

Is the Bible the Word of God?  .doc

Is the Bible the Word of God?  .htm

Is the Bible the Word of God?  .pdf

Do the sins of (traditional) Christians prove Christianity is false?  That is, do the sins of medieval Catholicism, such as the Crusades and the Inquisition, show that God doesn't exist and the Bible isn't true?  But then, would the sins of atheists (meaning, the communists) in slaughtering roughly 100 million people during the 20th century demonstrate atheism's falsity?  Read this essay to understand why it's bad logic for the sins of minister X shouldn't shake the faith of Christians in Jesus.

Does Christian Hypocrisy Refute Christianity?.doc

Does Christian Hypocrisy Refute Christianity? .rtf

Does Christian Hypocrisy Refute Christianity? .htm

Did Christian theology help promote the rise of science?  Some of the surprising historical evidence for Christian theology helping cause the rise of science rather than retarding it, is surveyed in the essay below.  Consider its evidence against the old stereotype of the warfare of science and religion coming from the trials of the Italian scientist Galileo and the Huxley/Wilberforce debate over evolution:

Is Christianity a Cause of Science?  .doc

Is Christianity a Cause of Science?  .htm

Is Christianity a Cause of Science?  .pdf

Are the Jews right?  Is the New Testament a historical fraud?  Was Jesus a false prophet?  Was first-century Christianity a (Roman-Greek) pagan mystery religion?  These are conservative Christian rebuttals to an apostate elder who advocated (effectively) conversion to Judaism.  The historical evidence on the pagan mystery religions of the Roman Empire and the Biblical evidence for Jesus being the Old Testament's prophesied Messiah are examined in detail:

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder Round 1 .doc

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder Round 1 .htm

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder Round 1 .pdf

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder Round 2  .doc

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder Round 2  .htm

Is Christianity a Fraud?  vs. Conder  Round 2  .pdf

Is Jesus the Old Testament Messiah?  vs Conder  .doc

Is Jesus the Old Testament Messiah?  vs Conder  .htm

Is Jesus the OT Messiah  vs Conder  .pdf

(More on this general subject can be found in my book refuting Jewish arguments against Christianity:  book.html

Why Does God Allow Evil in the World?   How can a good, all-knowing, all-powerful God allow evil to exist in His universe?  Why does God allow people to suffer, such as because of wars, famines, and disease epidemics?  Why didn't God keep Hitler, Stalin, and Mao from killing tens of millions of people in the 20th century?  Or, let's scale down size of the tragedies in question to an individual basis:  Why did God allow someone's mother or father to die when they still have young children?  What about a mother losing her baby soon after birth from some terrible birth defect?  So then, does God have good reasons for letting evil enter into His creation?  What does the Bible itself have to say about this issue?  Download and read this essay below if you wish to know more about this classic problem that all believers in one great God share:

Why Does God Allow Evil? .doc

Why Does God Allow Evil?  .htm

Why Does God Allow Evil?  .rtf

Why Does God Allow Evil?  .pdf

 

Was the Book of Mormon inspired by God?  A brief analysis of the Mormon Church's Scriptures, with an emphasis on their contradictions, including with the Bible itself:

Are There Problems with the Mormon Scriptures?  .doc

Are There Problems with the Mormon Scriptures?  .htm

Are There Problems with the Mormon Scriptures?  .pdf

Is it Wrong to Prove God's Existence?  These essays argue that Christians may prove God's existence, moral absolutes, and/or the Bible's historical accuracy by using human reason in support of the Christian faith.  The basic case against the Calvinist school of apologetics called presuppositionalism is made here:

Is It Wrong to Prove God's Existence?  Fideism    vs WCG  .doc

Is It Wrong to Prove God's Existence?   Fideism   vs WCG  .htm

Is It Wrong to Prove God's Existence?  Fideism    vs. WCG .pdf

Should God's Existence and Moral Absolutes Be Proven? .doc

Should God's Existence and Moral Absolutes Be Proven? .htm

Is the theory of evolution true?  Can an moral relativist condemn God for allowing evil to exist?  This essay, which is mostly a book review, points to some of the astonishing philosophical inconsistencies of evolutionists when they argue for their theory.  For example, they use natural theology based on nature's imperfections and evils to attack belief in God, but claim arguments based on nature's wonders for God are "unscientific."  If you're an evolutionist, you should read this review:

Darwin's God Review.doc

Darwin's God Review.htm

Darwin's God Review.pdf

Is the Bible without error?  This essay replies against Samuele Bacchiocchi, the Seventh-day Adventist church historian, who argued the Bible does have some errors and contradictions but should still be deemed to be reliable overall.  My essay argues for the Bible's full infallibility, including in matters of history and science, not just doctrine or moral teaching:

Is the Bible Only Partially Inerrant?  .doc

Is the Bible Only Partially Inerrant? .htm

Is the Bible Only Partially Inerrant?  .pdf

Are the Gospels historically reliable?  Mel Gibson's movie, "The Passion of the Christ," has generated great controversy.  Among other issues, it has caused standard higher critic arguments against the historicity of the Gospels to come out of the woodwork.  This essay rebutts briefly Jon Meacham's recent cover article in "Newsweek" magazine, which was basically a full-scale assault on the historical reliability of the Gospels:

The Gospels' Historicity Defended Against Newsweek.doc

The Gospels' Historicity Defended Against Newsweek.htm

Will America fall like Rome did?  Is America today like the Rome of Marcus Aurelius (pictured in the movie "Gladiator" with Russell Crowe), both complacent and decadent?  Or is America like Great Britain between the two World Wars:  An economically weakened and militarily strained empire taking on too many burdens in policing the world shortly before its dissolution?  Is there a way to systematically examine and analyze past empires historically in order to consider whether America is now at the same stage in its existence as Rome was before its decline?  Could we (including policy makers) REALLY learn from history?  Consider reading this essay summarizing the theories of the British army officer and historian, Sir John Glubb Pasha (1897-1987):

The Life Cycle of Empires and America  Sir Glubb Pasha's Thesis .doc

The Life Cycle of Empires and America  Sir Glubb Pasha's Thesis .htm

The Life Cycle of Empires and America Sir Glubb Pasha's Thesis .pdf

This essay is basically made up of two emails sent to as responses to a sincere seeker who had questions about the truth of Christianity.  The issues briefly dealt with here include whether Paul's teachings contradict Jesus', the historical evidence for the existence of Jesus, contradictions between what Paul and James believed in salvation theory (in the source of justification), the alleged influence of pagan beliefs on Christian practice and teaching, and whether the sins of Christians refute the truth of the Bible.

A Short Defense of Christianity and the Bible's Inspiration.doc

A Short Defense of Christianity and the Bible's Inspiration.htm

Was Mary Magdalene married to Jesus Christ?  Did they have any children?  Did they become part of the lineage of later French royalty?  Are the apocryphal gospels, which aren't in the New Testament, reliable sources historically?  Dan Brown's novel, "The Da Vinci Code," has been a mammoth best seller (perhaps around 10 million copies sold).  It claims to be historically accurate about the facts that one group in the Catholic Church was supposedly attempting to suppress in this page-turning thriller.  But is this really true?  This brief essay answers some of the kinds of arguments Brown makes in his novel.

Da Vinci Code Critique.doc

Da Vinci Code Critique.htm

Is Islam really a "religion of peace"?  Do poverty, ignorance, and oppression explain why Muslims on average are more apt to resort to non-state terrorism?  Have Muslims always been the victims of "Christian" Crusades and Western imperialism throughout history?  Or have Muslim nations been frequently guilty of launching jihads and aggressive wars of conquest of their own? Are crusades evil, but jihads good?  If "equal opportunity" conquest by many different civilizations has happened historically, why is the West being unfairly singled out for excessive criticism on this issue?  Can non-Western civilizations also be imperialistic?   Is the modern State of Israel, the product of the Zionist movement, a uniquely sinful and illegitimate state?  Does its very existence violate God's law more than any other nation's existence?  Is the self-determination the ultimate political value that overrides all others?  This revised version now includes a table of contents.  Click on the essay below to find out more about these subjects:

Whitewash!  Islam's Hidden History Exposed! .doc  

Whitewash!  Islam's Hidden History Exposed! .htm

Whitewash!  Islam's Hidden History Exposed! .rtf

Whitewash!  Islam's Hidden History Exposed! .pdf

Is the Christian theory of atonement a fairy tale?  That is, is there a good reason why Jesus had to die for the world's sins instead of God's just forgiving us?  Is there rational evidence for belief in the Bible?  How do we deal with the problem of (apparently) unanswered prayer?  This letter to a friend (personal information removed) deals with such issues:

Atonement Christian Apologetics Bible Defended Letter.doc

Atonement Christian Apologetics Bible Defended Letter.htm

Who is John Galt?  Well, with Ayn Rand's 1957 novel "Atlas Shrugged" finally hitting America's movie screens after decades of delay, it's worthwhile to review briefly the flaws in her Objectivist philosophy from an informed intellectual Christian perspective:

Atlas Shrugged Brief Response 0411.doc

Atlas Shrugged Brief Response 0411.htm

Atlas Shrugged Brief Response 0411.pdf

 

Did Christian ideas cause modern science to develop?  This PowerPoint presentation summarizes key points of Duhem, Jaki, and Merton about how Christian ideas and practices helped to create modern science, instead of holding it back.

Did Christian Theology Help to Cause Science? 0608.ppt

 

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"But sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence" (I Peter 3:15, NASB).

 

 

 

 


Copyright(c) 2009 Eric V. Snow. All rights reserved.

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