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Eric V. Snow, 3-10-01, Speech for Cabela’s


Years ago, the government sued Sears Roebuck for not hiring enough women for certain direct sales jobs.   Interestingly, Sears didn’t roll over and play dead.  They argued that women simply didn’t like high pressure direct sales jobs, and wouldn’t apply for them much.  In order to prove their point in court, they brought in a feminist scholar who argued that because women have a different personality from men that they wouldn’t like these kinds of jobs since they required aggression.  She was a “difference” feminist, a group of feminists who believe women and men have fundamental differences in how they act, think, and look at the world.


So then, do men and women have innately different personalities?  Do boys and girls behave differently only because they are raised differently by their parents and taught differently by teachers?  Or are they different because they have inherited from their parents’ genes different ways of thinking and acting?  Are men and women only different because of how people in society deal with each other?  Or are their personality differences rooted in hormones and other chemicals in the body that are fundamentally unchangeable? 


The great error of feminists is that they are fighting biology.  The normal type of feminist says men and women are completely equal and completely the same by nature.  They say the differences between men and women are purely the result of how society deals with men differently from women when they’re younger.


S.P.S.  Today, I shall argue that we can know that men and women have innately different personalities based upon scientific knowledge.  Since this is true, boys should be raised one way, and girls another.  We should recognize in ourselves, and be self-conscious, about how being a man will make us look at the world differently from women.


First, let’s consider the evidence for innate differences between men and women.  One approach is to consider what goes on in various primitive tribes in such places as New Guinea, Africa, and the Amazon jungle in Brazil.  Anthropologists, who are the scientists who investigate how primitive tribes live and think, have studied into the sex roles of primitive people.  If there were an equal number of primitive tribes in which women were dominant over the men, and men over the women, then that would be good evidence the differences in personality weren’t inherited.  By random chance, then, we in America merely ended up part of a society in which men dominated over women traditionally.


Main basic difference:  Men aggressive, women passive, by personality, although both equally intelligent.


But in fact men dominate, that is, they hold most of the leadership positions in every single society and tribe ever studied.  Steven Goldberg, The Inevitability of Patriarchy, systematically looked at every report of matriarchy (when women are the bosses, not men) among various peoples and tribes.  He couldn’t find one case in which women held political power.  Even the famous female anthropologist Margaret Mead conceded in a book review that Goldberg presented his information faultlessly.  No real life “Amazons.” 


George Murdock:  Compared some 500 cultures, found in ALL of them that fighting and leadership were associated with men.


B. Whiting:  Studied sex separate cultures:  One each in India, Okinawa, the Philippines, Mexico, Kenya, and New England.  He found that boys were more aggressive and violent in all of them, and girls were more nurturing and responsible with younger children.


Famous misused study:  Margaret Mead’s three South Pacific tribes.  In one tribe (Arapesh), both sexes wanted to care for the children all day long.  Lack of food problem resulted.  Men kind, gentle, cooperative, but not successful vs. environment.  In another (Mundugumor), women were very assertive, indifferent to children, men even more aggressive, spent time headhunting, etc.  Women found most of the food, were indifferent to the mother-child tie.  They were rude towards children, society characterized by hostility, ruthlessness, and brutality. In yet another tribe (Tchambuli), the men spent the day in non-productive artistic and ritualistic activities, left it to women to raise children and get food.  All were failures, in decline, even headed for extinction, due to sex role violations in marriage and society.  Men need a role in society that makes them feel special, valued that women aren’t in, or else they become non-productive, even dangerous. In none of them were the women actually dominant.


Body chemicals and their effects.  Even at age six, the average boy has about 7% more vital energy than girls the same age.  Around age 13 or 14, the boys have 35% more, when puberty and the teen years begin.  This comes from the sexual hormones starting to flood a boy’s body, and making him more different from girls than he was before.


The main male hormone is testosterone, while the main female ones are estrogen and progesterone.  As the flow of testosterone increases in a boy in his teen years, he will start taking on the personality and physique of a man.  Likewise, a girl becomes a women in her teen years while under the influence of estrogen and progesterone.


Prisoner example:  Violent inmate who would tear up his cell, ruin chairs, fight with guards and other prisoners.  Dr. Dunn injected him with estrogen in order reduce his aggressiveness.  It worked.  He became gentle, cooperative, stopped fighting, stopped tearing up his cell.


Boy fetus vs. girl babies before birth:  Girl ones have two X chromosomes, while boy ones have one X and one Y.  If testosterone is present during the seventh week after conception, the brain of the developing baby (embryo) will be stamped with the male pattern.  Otherwise, it will remain feminine, thus more passive in personality, for the rest of its life. 


Found that if testosterone blocked from male fetus’s brain at that time, the boy later in life will be effeminate and passive.  Even when trained to be masculine by role and given injections of testosterone, will still lack normal male aggressiveness.


Opposite case:  Girl fetuses doused accidentally with testosterone in that crucial seventh week will be much more aggressive, assertive, and dominant than average girls. 

Miscarriage drug progestin:  Has testosterone in it, when the mother would take it, it was supposed to prevent her from losing her baby.  However, it would make a girl born to such a mother who took it much more aggressive than average girls.  In one study, Ehrhardt and Baker found that these girls would prefer to play with boys, not girls; they wanted to play sports and rough-and-tumble play; they didn’t like playing with dolls, but preferred the boys’ toys, such as trucks, cars, blocks, etc.   When interviewed by the researchers, these girls had little interest in being mothers, but thought much more about future jobs and careers. Relatives described them as being much more aggressive and assertive than normal girls their same age.


Too much testosterone not good:  One study found that married men with above-average testosterone levels are 43 percent more likely to divorce, 38 percent more likely to be frequently committing adultery, and 12 percent more likely to abuse their wives.


Famous sex change operation failure, study often cited to justify belief differences between boys and girls not from birth.  Was cited to prove babies born neutral, could be trained to be anything parents and teachers wanted:  One day in 1963, one boy, born with a twin for a brother, was a victim of a ghastly circumcision that cut off way too much.  The parents and doctors decided, seeing the physical damage, to turn the boy into a girl surgically by going the rest of the way.  The boy now would be raised as a girl.  This flopped:  From the very beginning, the boy, named “Joan,” resisted his sex role training.  Even as a toddler, his would rib off frilly dresses his mother put him in.  He preferred to play with boys and stereotypical boys’ toys.  One time he was sent into a store to buy an umbrella, but emerged with a toy machine gun.  By second grade, he started to suspect he was a boy.  But doctors told him even then that his feelings were normal, that he was just a tomboy.  (The parents and adults conspired to keep him in the dark and ignorant of what had happened to him just after birth).  He said, “I thought I was a freak or something.”  Other kids teased him for his tomboyish looks and behavior.  Remarkably, in public restrooms, he would insist on urinating standing up, thus creating a mess usually.  In junior high school, the girls would refuse to let him in their bathrooms since he created such a mess usually.  The doctors and psychiatrists kept pushing him to act feminine at that time, despite he felt he was pretty sure he was a boy.  In 1977, at 14, “Joan” felt she either had to live life as a male or commit suicide.  In a tearful showdown, the father admitted what had been done to him at birth (the surgery removing his sexual organs).  He then, after two more sex change operations and some initial teasing was accepted as a boy far more than ever had been as a girl by others at school.  Today he is married and has three adopted children.

Consequently, due to having different body chemicals, women innately more gentle, tender, and nurturing than men.  Men naturally tend to be aggressive, assertive, violent, hard-driving, and violent.  They naturally end up being the leaders by personality alone, not just brute strength.  Differences not mainly due to education or training by parents or teachers, but due to biology.


The implications of male personality, and why it is valuable to society.


Women by nature more complete, content as they are, more passive.  Men by nature look outside themselves, are more obsessive about things, want to change things, are restless.

Camille Paglia, feminist writer:  “Estrogen tranquilizes, but androgen agitates.  Men are in a constant state of sexual anxiety, living on the pins and needles of their hormones.  In sex as in life they are driven beyond—beyond the self, beyond the body. . . . Men know they are sexual exiles.  They wander the earth seeking satisfaction, craving and despising, never content.”


A man as a boy utlimately has to seek an identity separate from his mother and his family’s.  Paglia:  “She does not have to become, but only to be.  Her centrality is a great obstacle to man, whose quest for identity she blocks.  He must transform himself into an independent being, that is, a being free of her.  If he does not, he will simply fall back into her.”


Consequently, society’s main innovations, inventions, and discoveries have come from men, not women.  Tim Allen’s satires of this on Home Improvement:  tree in garbage disposal, rocket-powered lawn mower, etc.  “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it,” really a female philosophy.  Consider men vs. women on cars, computers:  Men concerned with power, speed, size; women want something that’s reliable, that takes them from point A to point B predictably.


Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae: “If civilization had been left in female hands, we would still  be living in grass huts.”  “Male domination of art, science, and politics, [is] an indisputable fact of history.”   Great innovations in culture from men being forced to think outside themselves (conceptualization) in order to pursue the opposite sex and to establish an identity separate from women and family.


Men more objective since look outside themselves and immediate relationships in order to satisfy their desire for meaning in life.  They are much more apt to feel a sense of alienation.  They naturally feel rootless, disconnected from others, especially their mothers, as they get into their teen years and older.  Dr. Laura (both) and Ayn Rand (first part only):  said men’s self-esteem from work, job, women’s from their relationships with others.


Compartamentalization issue:  Men better specialists since don’t think about what their children are doing at school or day care when at work so much, unlike equally well-educated women.


Men more self-sacrificing towards society, as soldiers, revolutionists, freedom-fighters; women more self-sacrificing towards family, children.  C.S. Lewis’s insight about conflicts between children from different families:  rather deal with father than mother since women’s natural sense of family patriotism interferes more with the objective truth of the situation.


The cat/dog analogy:  Men like cats, women like the friendly family canine:  Men will take off when don’t get a good deal, like cats, can’t be abused easily.  Women naturally more codependent when being abused, more loyal by nature, just as dogs are even when mistreated.


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