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Does Islam cause terrorism?  Click here: /Apologeticshtml/Moral Equivalency Applied Islamic History 0409.htm

Is the Bible God’s Word?  Click here: /Apologeticshtml/Is the Bible the Word of God.htm

Why does God Allow Evil?  Click here: /Apologeticshtml/Why Does God Allow Evil 0908.htm

Is Christian teaching from ancient paganism? /Bookhtml/Paganism influence issue article Journal 013003.htm

Should God’s existence be proven? /Apologeticshtml/Should the Bible and God Be Proven Fideism vs WCG.htm

Does the Bible teach blind faith?  Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Gospel of John Theory of Knowledge.htm


Who Was Melchizedek?


Who was Melchizedek?  Melchizedek was an appearance of the One who became Jesus.  There are other appearances (or "theophanies") of God to various individuals in the Old Testament, such as those cases in which the Angel (meaning, "Messenger" for the Father, not a separate created spirit being) of Jehovah turns up to be Jehovah Himself.  For example, look at the cases concerning Hagar, Abraham, Moses at the burning bush, Balaam, and Samson and his wife (Gen. 16:7-14, 22:9-14, Ex. 3:1-15; Numbers 22:21-35; Judges 6:3-22).  I don't believe Melchizedek was an average man who (say) lived a normal life in the flesh for years. God took on flesh for this appearance to Abraham in Genesis 14.   

Jesus serves as a high priest, so it isn't problematic that Melchizedek would be a priest also . . . if they are actually one and the same!  Hebrews 7:3 says (RSV) Melchizedek was one "resembling the Son of God [so] he continues a priest for ever."  Jesus described as a high priest who is much better than the high priests under the Mosaic law later in the same chapter (verses 26-27):  "For it was fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, blameless, unstained, separated from sinners, exalted above the heavens.  He has no need, like those high priests, to off sacrifices daily, first for his own sins and then for those of the people."  Verse 28 notes that Jesus was appointed as a high priest "who has been made perfect for ever."  There can't be two high priests at the same time, not under how the Mosaic law operated, so the sensible inference is that Jesus was a (high) priest long before the Aaronic priesthood was set up, but under a separate division, according to the order of Melchizedek. 

Evidence for Jesus' eternal pre-existence comes from the straightforward interpretation of Hebrews 7:3, which describes the high priest Melchizedek:  "Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he abides [present tense!] a priest continually."  As mentioned above, Melchizedek was a theophany (an appearance of God to man) of the One who became God the Son.  Note that Melchizedek is the "king of righteousness."  Can any average human have such a name without it being at least presumptuous (cf. Mark 10:18)?  Melchizedek is "king of Salem," meaning, the king of peace; Christ was prophesied to be the "Prince of Peace" (Isa. 9:6).  Melchizedek "abides a priest continually."  If Melchizedek is still alive, yet we know the dead know nothing (Eccl. 9:5), then Melchizedek can't be an ordinary human who died at some point in the ancient past.  Melchizedek is "without father, without mother, without genealogy."  Can this be said of any human?  The standard rebuttal to this line of reasoning claims that the writer of Hebrews meant that the records of Melchizedek's ancestry were lost.  But consider this more carefully:  If you were adopted, but all records of your birth and adoption were lost, could you really be described as being "without father, without mother"?  It's absurd!  Now it's been argued that this terminology is a kind of Jewish idiomatic phrase for someone whose family tree is untraceable.  Only upon the production of examples from (say) the Talmud or Midrashim should anyone consider accepting this argument.  Until otherwise so shown, a literal interpretation of Hebrews 7:3 proves the Being who became Jesus was self-existent, and had no father or mother at this point in His existence.  So if Jesus has no end of life after His resurrection, He couldn't have a beginning either in the period before time itself was created.  

Several reasons arise for why Shem can’t be Melchizedek.  Notice that he was a hundred years old when he became the father of Arpachshad, and then he lived for five hundred years more (Genesis 11:10-11).  But a man who died has an “end of life,” which contradicts the description of Melchizedek in Hebrews 7:3.  Similarly, Shem’s father was Noah (Genesis 5:32; 9:18).  If Shem had a father, he wasn’t “without father,” which again contradicts Hebrews 7:3.  In short, there’s excellent evidence for belief that Melchizedek, the King of Righteousness, was none other than the One who later became Jesus Christ Himself.

Eric V. Snow 

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Why does God Allow Evil? Click here: /Apologeticshtml/Why Does God Allow Evil 0908.htm

May Christians work on Saturdays? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Protestant Rhetoric vs Sabbath Refuted.htm

Should Christians obey the Old Testament law? /doctrinalhtml/Does the New Covenant Abolish the OT Law.htm

Do you have an immortal soul? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Here and Hereafter.htm

Does the ministry have authority? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Is There an Ordained Ministry vs Edwards.html

Is the United States the Beast? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Are We the Beast vs Collins.htm

Should you give 10% of your income to your church? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Does the Argument from Silence Abolish the Old Testament Law of Tithing 0205 Mokarow rebuttal.htm

Is Jesus God? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Is Jesus God.htm

Will there be a third resurrection? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Will There Be a Third Resurrection.htm



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