Study Guide Final Early Modern Europe

Eric Snow, instructor

 

Renaissance, Mannerist, and Baroque Art (pp. 275-291, 306-320, 332-348, 358-364, 371-375, 392-396, 398-401):

 

Brunelleschi

 

Masaccio

 

Donatello

 

Botticelli

 

Leonardo da Vinci

 

Michelangelo

 

Raphael

 

Titian

 

Van Eyck

 

Albert Durer

 

Bosch

 

Bruegel the Elder

 

El Greco

 

Palladio

 

Caravaggio

 

Rubens

 

Rembrandt

 

The Scientific Revolution (pp. 413-420):

 

Copernicus

 

Kepler

 

Galileo

 

Newton

 

Harvey

 

Early Modern and Enlightenment Philosophy (pp. 421-427, 436-439):

 

Descartes

 

I think, therefore I am

 

Locke

 

Two Treatises on Government

 

Voltaire

 

Deism

 

Hume

 

Kant

 

The Protestant Reformation (pp. 364-371):

 

Luther

 

Calvin

 

Anglicanism

 

Counter-Reformation

 

Section 3: Essay question. Choose one of the following two questions to answer. A proper answer will have full essay form, including an introduction, a thesis statement, two or more body paragraphs that explain/defend the thesis, and a conclusion in the last paragraph that restates the thesis. Put the number of the question you're answering at the beginning of what you write. (50 possible points)

 

1. What innovations and developments made Renaissance painting and sculpture different from most Medieval or Gothic art? What characteristics tended to distinguish Dutch/Northern European art from Italian art? Mention specific innovations, art works, and artists to illustrate your points. (Note in text esp. pp. 283-291, 306-319, 332-348)

 

OR

 

2. What was the scientific revolution? What beliefs, both religious and philosophical, helped to create it? What were the major discoveries in physics and astronomy that launched it? Name specific scientists, beliefs, and discoveries in your answer. (Note in text esp. pp. 413-423).