Study Guide for Second Test    

Judaism, Christianity, Medieval Europe, Classical Art and Christian Art

Eric V. Snow, instructor 

 

Classical Art & Architecture:

 

Parthenon

 

Pantheon

 

Colosseum

 

Judaism:

 

Abraham

 

Moses

 

Tetragammaton

 

Shema

 

Pentateuch

 

Torah

 

Babylonian Captivity

 

Talmud

 

Christianity (Origins):

 

Christ/Messiah

 

Jesus of Nazareth

 

Paul (Saul)

 

New Testament

 

The date of the Edict of Milan (A.D. 313)

 

Arius

 

Early Christian Art and Architecture:

 

Iconoclasm

 

Catacombs

 

Orans

 

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

 

Basilicas

 

Hagia Sophia

 

Medieval Art and Architecture:

 

Palatine Chapel

 

Gothic

 

Romanesque

 

Sainte Chapelle

 

Flying buttresses

 

Bayeux Tapestry

 

Giotto

 

Medieval Literature:

 

Beowulf

 

Song of Roland

 

Dante

 

Medieval Philosophy :

 

Augustine

 

Confessions

 

Boethius

 

Peter of Abelard

 

Thomas Aquinas

 

Scholasticism

 

Roman/Medieval Rulers and Political/Social Organization:

 

Diocletian

 

Constantine

 

The year of the Western Roman Empire’s fall (476 A.D.)

 

Justinian

 

Feudalism

 

Manorialism

 

Charlemagne

 

Year of Norman Conquest of England (1066 A.D.)

 

Eleanor of Aquitaine

 

Chivalry

 

Crusades

 

Islam:

 

Allah

 

Muhammad

 

Quran/Koran

 

Kaaba

 



Section 3:  Essay question.  Choose one of the following two questions to answer.  A proper answer will have full essay form, including an introduction, a thesis statement, two or more body paragraphs that explain/defend the thesis, and a conclusion in the last paragraph that restates the thesis.  Put the number of the question you're answering at the beginning of what you write.  (50 possible points)

 

1.  How did the Celtic-Germanic, Christian, and Greek-Roman (Classical) cultures combine together by the High Middle Ages to create a synthesis of the three combined together?  Give specific examples of how two or more of these cultures/belief systems combined together in specific pieces of literature, philosophical/theological works, or individual thinkers, writers, and rulers. 

 

2.  What are the basic teachings of Islam, including its Five Pillars?  What is the relationship of Islam and its leading prophet to prior revelations from God?  How is Islam like Judaism and Christianity, and how is it different?  Cover specific individuals, teachings, and doctrines to make your points clear.

 

3.  What makes Judaism different from the other ancient religions of the world?  How was Christianity different from Judaism, and how was it like Judaism?  List and explain specific doctrines, teachings, or beliefs to support and explain your points.