Study Guide 

First Test

Western Humanities: from Origins to Greece

Instructor: Eric V. Snow

Western Humanities 404

 

Mesopotamia (pp. 4-12):

 

Neolithic

 

civilization

 

Fertile Crescent

 

Sumerians

 

cuneiform

 

Ziggurat

 

Gilgamesh

 

Hammurabi

 

Assyria

 

Babylon

 

Zoroastrianism

 

Egypt (pp. 12-27):

 

Nile

 

pharaoh

 

pyramids

 

Sphinx

 

hieroglyphics

 

Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten

 

Tutankhamen

 

Hyksos

 


Greece (pp. 31-47, 54-71, 86-90):

 

Early to Classical Greek Civilization (pp. 31-40, 42-45, 59): Minoan

 

Mycenaean

 

Homer

 

Hesiod

 

Athens

 

Draco

 

Cleisthenes

 

Pericles

 

Religion & gods (pp. 41-42):  Poseidon

 

Athena

 

Zeus

 

Dionysus

 

Orphism

 

Battles (pp. 40-41, 60, 67-68):  Marathon

 

Thermopylae

 

Salamis

 

Peloponnesian War’s dates: 431-404 b.c.

 

Thucydides

 

Alexander the Great

 

Greek playwrights (pp. 61-66): Aristophanes

 

Aeschylus

 

Euripides

 


Sophocles

 

hubris

 

Philosophy (pp. 68-71): Pythagoras

 

Heraclitus

 

Sophists

 

Socrates

 

Apology

 

Plato

 

Republic

 

rationalism

 

Forms

 

Aristotle

 

teleology/enteleche

 

syllogism

 

empiricism

 

Short answer questions hints:

 

1.  Be able to compare and contrast Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations specifically.

 

 

 

 

2.  Be able to answer why business majors should take a humanities/history class by quoting in full statements by Socrates and George Santayana.

 

 

Essay questions:  Choose one of the following two questions to answer.  A proper answer will have full essay form, including an introduction, a thesis statement, two or more body paragraphs that explain/defend the thesis, and a conclusion in the last paragraph that restates the thesis.  Put the number of the question you're answering at the beginning of what you write.

(40 possible points)

 

A.  How and why was ancient Greek civilization different from other ancient civilizations, such as those of Egypt, India, or Mesopotamia?  Think about such factors as geography, etc. for the "why" part.  Think about specific values, practices, and philosophical beliefs of the Greeks as compared to other civilizations when answering the "how" part.   

 

or

 

B.  What are the beliefs and values of Greek civilization that still affect modern Western society today?  Name specific discoveries, beliefs, political practices, values, philosophical concepts, etc. that the Greeks had that modern Western people tend to have as a result. 

 

Comment:  Notice the overlap between the “how” part of Question A above and Question B.  What made Greek civilization different from other civilizations anciently often is what contemporary Western Civilization inherited from the Greeks (and often makes it different presently from much of the rest of the world to the extent it isn’t westernized).