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What Aspects of King Davidís Life and Rule Foreshadowed Christís Reign in the Millennium?


Did King David at times serve as a type or foreshadowing symbol of Jesus?We know from Scripture that, after his resurrection, David will be a king over Israel during the millennium (Ezekiel 37:24, RSV):"My servant David shall be king over them; and they shall all have one shepherd. They [Israel] shall follow my ordinances and be careful to observe my statutes.ĒSee also Ezekiel 34:23 and Hosea 3:5.Jesus was a descendant of David (Matt. 1 and Luke 3).The Angel Gabriel told Mary that her Son was to inherit Davidís throne (Lu 1:32):ďHe will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David.ĒDavid once said about the Father and the One who later became Jesus:ďThe LORD says to my lord: "Sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool."Jesus Himself quoted this text in order to pose a paradoxical question (Luke 20:41-44):ďĎBut he said to them, "How can they say that the Christ is David's son? For David himself says in the Book of Psalms, 'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I make thy enemies a stool for thy feet.' David thus calls him Lord; so how is he his son?í"Peter made the relationship between David and Jesus a centerpiece of his Pentecost day sermon in Jerusalem (Acts 2:25-36).Clearly, Scripture ties David and Jesus closely together.


God laid upon David one of the highest accolades in all of the Bible for an ordinary man, that he was a man after Godís own heart (II Samuel 13:14; Acts 13:22).So how did Davidís rule foreshadow that of Christís?Interestingly enough, both were kings in incognito during their lives on earth and suffered many trials during that time.For years, David was on the run in the wilderness from King Saul, who was trying to kill him after Samuel had appointed him king (I Samuel 16:1-2, 11-13).Likewise, although He was a king (John 18:36-37), Jesus during His ministry on earth experienced many unpleasant trials, cumulating in His ultimate rejection by His people and death by crucifixion.In this aspect, however, Davidís experience included both privation and glory as a king during his life on earth, but Jesus has not yet returned publicly to take over rulership of the earth.


So then, granted that David served as a type or foreshadow of the Messiah, and besides both being unrecognized kings at some point during their lives, how else Davidís rule foreshadow Christís?Despite being a great man of war against the gentile enemies of Israel, David sometimes showed surprising mercy to his enemies.For example, notice how David could have easily killed Saul in the wilderness on two major occasions (I Samuel 24; 26).He took vengeance against a man who (falsely) claimed to have killed Saul by his own permission during Israelís great defeat by the Philistines near Mount Gilboa.David even waxed lyrically in a lament about Saul!(Notice II Sam. 1).Similarly, he wanted to have mercy on his rebellious son Absalom, who launched a civil war in order to take his fatherís throne (II Sam. 18-19).Likewise, Jesus prayed for His enemies on the cross, and asked the Father to forgive them (Luke 23:34).Of course, David was merely a type of Christ, not a perfect exemplar in showing mercy.For example, Jehovah would not let David build a great temple to Him since he had killed so many men in battle (I Chron. 22:8).(However, note that Jesus will slay His enemies in war also when He returns (II Thess. 1:7-10), so David wasnít totally different even in this regard.Notice the messianic Psalm 89ís allusion to David and then to the Messiahís killing his enemies, verses 19-23).He also initially had mercy on Shimei despite the rude insults he hurled against his Jewish king during Absalomís rebellion, but made sure his son Solomon would get revenge for him later (II Sam. 16:5-10; 19:18-23; I Kings 2:8-9; 2:36-46).


One way David was like Jesus was both had zeal for serving God.Despite David so badly sinned when he committed adultery with Bathsheba and set up her husband Uriah to be killed in order to cover up the sin, he seriously repented, as the words of Ps. 51 show.Similarly, Jesus was faithful and had zeal for His Fatherís house to be pure (John 2:17).David also had deep faith and never committed idolatry:He never worshipped a false god using statues or a graven image, unlike his son Solomon (see I Kings 11).Think about how David had to have faith in Godís promise about being Israelís king despite having to live in the wilderness or in exile among the gentiles for years on the run from Saul.Despite he sinned, David took Godís law seriously, just as Jesus Himself did.A good king needs to uphold and enforce the laws of his own kingdom in order to prevent anarchy and injustice.Both suffered in service for God, which was one reason why Jesus quoted Davidís opening words in the messianic Psalm 22 during the crucifixion (Matt. 27:46).


Of course, a lot more could be written on this subject of how David was a type of Jesus when he was a ruler of Judah and Israel, but some highlights were described above.


Eric V. Snow


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Why does God Allow Evil? Click here: /Apologeticshtml/Why Does God Allow Evil 0908.htm

May Christians work on Saturdays? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Protestant Rhetoric vs Sabbath Refuted.htm

Should Christians obey the Old Testament law? /doctrinalhtml/Does the New Covenant Abolish the OT Law.htm

Do you have an immortal soul? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Here and Hereafter.htm

Does the ministry have authority? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Is There an Ordained Ministry vs Edwards.html

Is the United States the Beast? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Are We the Beast vs Collins.htm

Should you give 10% of your income to your church? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Does the Argument from Silence Abolish the Old Testament Law of Tithing 0205 Mokarow rebuttal.htm

Is Jesus God? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Is Jesus God.htm

Will there be a third resurrection? Click here: /doctrinalhtml/Will There Be a Third Resurrection.htm



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